Of course, use state abbreviations in conjunction with the name of a city, town, village or military base in most datelines. Generally ap style omits periods in acronyms, unless doing so would spell an unrelated word. The main objective of any type of writing is to help people understand what you are trying to say and explain. Instead, simply use the abbreviation the second time that you refer to the organization. Jun 21, 2018 thats where the ap stylebook comes in. States in the us are often abbreviated to twoletter words alaska ak. The associated press stylebook, the usage guide for most united states newspapers, counsels the use of abbreviations for most state names, when appended.
There are quite a few rules in the ap stylebook for state names and ap style state abbreviations. You must register and have a current subscription to access ap stylebook online. Follow these associated press guidelines for the u. Ap style, or chicago manual of style for additional rules and guidelines for writing about states and other locations. Here are all the ap abbreviations and their usps counterparts. Abbreviations for states and provinces traditional abbreviations for states and provinces begin with a capital letter and end with a period. A few universally recognized abbreviations are required in some circumstances. Rate 5 stars rate 4 stars rate 3 stars rate 2 stars rate 1 star popular quizzes today. Also use state abbreviations in conjunction with the name of a city, county, town, village or military base in. Abbreviations are often desired in tabulations and certain types of technical writings. Ap itself along with gi and eu are exceptions to this rule. However, there are exceptions for large cities that stand alone in datelines. Okay, so new is stretching it a bit, but some writers may be unaware that in 2014 ap changed the rule regarding how state names should be. For words that you cannot find in our ap style list, use the firstlisted abbreviation in websters new world dictionary.
The national rifle association announced on monday it will move its state headquarters to the erickson building. If a style is not noted, please refer to the current associated press stylebook. Effective may 1, the ap will spell out state names in the body of stories. You will still use abbreviations in datelines, photo. Government printing office style manual says that united states should be spelled out unless it is used as an adjective for government intentionally capitalized, a government agency, or a general noun, in which case the abbreviation should include periods. Chapter sixteen brights, followups, roundups, sidebars and obituaries. For example, they can be used in writing after a city like in miami, fla. However, if the sentence contains the name of another country, the. Use the aps state abbreviations with place names only in lists and tabular material, or shortform listings of party affiliation. Some others are acceptable depending on the context. Here is how each state is abbreviated in ap style with the postal code abbreviations in. The most important objective of any form of writing is to help human beings recognize what you are attempting to say and give an explanation for. Ap style recommends spelling out state names in the body of stories effective may 1, 2014 and using abbreviations in datelines. The associated press stylebook provides an az guide to issues such as capitalization, abbreviation, punctuation, spelling, numerals and many other questions of language usage.
Note that ap style omits state names for a specified list of cities. In this post, we will summarize all of the ap stylebook state abbreviations rules. Do not use periods in abbreviations that are in headlines. You can find abbreviations discussed in the publication manual in section 4. Ap style does use periods in most twoletter abbreviations.
Ap sticks to the usps abbreviations when the full address is provided in the text. Before we begin to enlist the abbreviations, it is mandatory for one to learn and garner information about what ap is, with. Associated press style provides guidelines for news writing. The ap style as its known in the trade is quite different from the new york times style or chicago manual of style. Of course, use state abbreviations in conjunction with the. Since when do you not capitalize both letters of a state abbreviation. These official state abbreviations have all been standardized by the united states postal service. Here is a sampling of frequently asked questions, with examples of ap style used in answers. Oct 31, 2019 ap uses different state abbreviations than the usps does. Style rules examples academic degrees use an apostrophe and spell out academic degrees use abbreviations for degrees only when you need to include a list of credentials after a name. See datelines for guidelines on when a city name may stand alone in the body of a story. Ap stylebook rules for datelines, cities that stand alone. Ap postpones changing style on state abbreviations apme. Ap suggests spelling out the names of alaska, hawaii, and all states with five or fewer letters.
On wednesday, professor james currier, who has a doctorate in biology and a masters in economics, will argue that improving automobile fuel efficiency from an average of 17 to 22 miles per gallon would save billions of dollars and protect endangered. If a states name is standing alone or in conjunction with a city or town in your text, spell out the entire states name. Sep 19, 2012 ap style recommends spelling out state names in the body of stories effective may 1, 2014 and using abbreviations in datelines. So, i am providing a reference for those who may be interested. For all other abbreviations, ap uses its own state abbreviations and chicago prefers postal abbreviations but has its own state abbreviations should that style be more appropriate for your publication. There is indeed a science and art behind writing a press release. For external communication we use the associated press stylebook 2017 for all public documents and materials, excluding correspondence from the administrator and deputy administrator. Ap uses different state abbreviations than the usps does.
Ap style state abbreviations differ from their corresponding us postal service abbreviations, are in parentheses. Time of day the hour is always followed by a colon to denote minutes and a. Click a question below to jump straight to its answer. Oxford university press usa publishes scholarly works in all academic disciplines, bibles, music, childrens books, business books, dictionaries, reference books, journals, text books and more. We will continue to use state abbreviations in datelines and stories. The traditional abbreviations are still commonly used in other ways besides mailing addresses. Apr 15, 2020 i really like your map of the ap style for state abbreviations. For all others, include the abbreviated state name andor country name, not abbreviated. State abbreviations according to ap style gatehouse newsroom. We will also continue to use canadian provinces in datelines. Ap stylebook online is a searchable, customizable resource for writers and editors.
Jul 21, 2016 in ap style, you shouldnt follow the name of an organization with the abbreviation offset by parentheses or dashes. The thumb rule for the fundamental ap style state abbreviations is that one has to in no way abbreviate the term if the readers will face the issue in identifying what the actual term is. Ap style state abbreviations for press release dateline follow these associated press guidelines for the u. State abbreviations are all two letters, and these two letters are always capitalized without any periods. Also, be sure to use a lowercase state in both of these instances to avoid any confusion. The best ap style cheat sheet every writer needs free download. Since when do you not capitalize both letters of a state. Ap style state abbreviations differ from their corresponding united states postal service abbreviations, provided in parentheses. Some cities dont require a state or country after them. Apr 23, 2014 the following guidance went out on the ap wire wednesday. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Any state name may be condensed, however, to fit typographical requirements for tabular material. Note that with the traditional state abbreviations, the first letter is capitalized, subsequent letters are lowercase unless theyre abbreviating a new word, and each abbreviation.
The change is being made to be consistent in our style for domestic and international. State abbreviations follow the postal service abbreviations for states found in the front of the metro denver telephone book. The ap stylebook says state abbreviations are used in both datelines and in text. For slide presentations of ap style basics, go here. In conjunction with the name of a city, town, village or military base in text. If youre writing a research paper or dashing off a blog post, you can probably ignore all the exceptions and special cases. Before we begin to enlist the abbreviations, it is mandatory for one to learn and garner information about what ap is, with a brief, supplementary note on the history of the same. If you want to know all about the ap style state abbreviations, you have been a wise soul to click on this article. Short for associated press and briefing on media law, the ap stylebook or even shorter, ap style is an english grammar style and usage guide created by american journalists working for or connected with the ap over the last century to standardize mass communications.
When youre in the body of a press release, ap style stresses spelling out the name of the state rather than using abbreviations of any kind. The thumb rule for the basic ap style state abbreviations is that one should never abbreviate the term if the readers will face difficulty in figuring out what the actual term is. Currently, most state names are abbreviated in stories. Aug 05, 2015 heres a refresher course what the ap stylebook says for datelines and cities that stand alone in datelines. The associated press stylebook, the usage guide for most united states newspapers, counsels the use of abbreviations for most state names, when appended to a city name for example, santa ana, calif. Titles titles should never be capitalized unless they appear before a persons name. Its often used by news organizations, magazines, and web publications, but brands often use it to form the basis of their own style guides, too. State abbreviations are not the same as the twoletter postal codes. The associated press style is the goto style for journalism and news writing. Spell out the names of the 50 states when they stand alone in. Mastering the ap style rules for abbreviations bka content. These are nprs photo caption guidelines npr training. These abbreviations short names were used in mailing addresses before the introduction of twoletter u.
The associated press stylebook states that in contexts other than mailing addresses, the traditional state abbreviations should be used. The associated press stylebook and briefing on media law official style guide of the associated press, a notforprofit news agency thats been around since 1846. It wouldnt be ap style without an exception or two. The ap style abbreviations arbitrarily range in length from two to six letters, and all twoword names are abbreviated with the initials, such as n. If youre new to news writing or switching from one to another, youll want to keep this ap cheat sheet handy and. The best ap style cheat sheet every writer needs free. Government printing office style manual 2016 is used for internal communication. What follows are summaries of some of the most common style rules. Mar 14, 2015 below is a list of ap style state abbreviations.
Referring to the ap style guide again, were told to use figures except for noon and midnight. Ap style also aims to avoid stereotypes and unintentionally offensive language. However, writers of most newspapers use the ap style state name abbreviations in their articles ex. Its updated throughout the year and valuable onlineonly resources, including ask the editor, topical guides and pronunciation guide, expand on the print books guidance. Heres a refresher course what the ap stylebook says for datelines and cities that stand alone in datelines. There are eight states that should never be abbreviated in text or datelines. For example, washington state is a university in the state of washington. In this quick guide to state abbreviations, i will cover the differences between ap style and chicago style andjust to prolong your state of confusionwhen to use the common twoletter abbreviations created by the united states postal service if youre writing a research paper or dashing off a blog post, you can probably ignore all the exceptions and special cases and just lean on.
Select the sentence free of errors in ap style for abbreviations for print publications. Use the state abbreviations listed at the end of this section. Hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas, utah, and alaska. The names of eight states are never abbreviated in datelines or text. State abbreviations random miscellaneous or united states quiz can you name the ap style u. Editorial style guide csu california state university. The following guidance went out on the ap wire wednesday. Ap style also calls specifically for lowercase abbreviations for a. Ap editor david minthorn fields questions of widest interest posed by subscribers to the online ap stylebook.
This style guide provides recommended usage on words, phrases and punctuation when writing about and for the csu. In 1987, the secretary of commerce switched to the twoletter state alpha code for state abbreviations. Aug 01, 2018 the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law official style guide of the associated press, a notforprofit news agency thats been around since 1846. Sba marketing and promotional materials follow the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law, though we do have a few exceptions that are noted in this guide. As you can see, there are many guidelines for writing proper ap style state abbreviations in your text. Ap style isnt keen on using state abbreviations in titles, so spell them out. When punctuating state names, you should place a comma between the city and state, and another comma after the state name, unless the state name is ending. The domestic list of cities that stand alone is on page 79 of the 2010 ap stylebook, and it is a good idea to mark this page with a sticky note of some sort so it is easy to find and you never list the state, country or territory unnecessarily. However, the chicago manual of style now recommends use of the uppercase twoletter abbreviations, with the traditional forms as an option. If youre referencing time zones in the united states, no periods are required and the zones can go in all caps. Those are alaska, hawaii, idaho, iowa, maine, ohio, texas and utah. Register to view your products, order status, shipment trackings and manage your account settings. Some state names are not abbreviated because they have six or fewer letters. How to abbreviate united states erin wright writing.1209 398 863 499 458 1379 1029 1300 383 1048 195 1481 135 1211 821 993 778 243 1521 1214 893 670 988 1160 100 1284 1054 682 1250 1107 1347 1377 569 1428 1113 1193 998 603 687 483 1450